DIY – Energy Monitor

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DIY – Energy Monitor 2013-02-21T00:37:34+00:00

The energy monitor is based on the Arduino Mega 2560 which offers sufficient memory and multiple UART’s (Serial Ports). Currently it is:

  • Arduino Mega 2560 with EthernetShield
  • Count pulses of kWh meter and generate energy statistics
  • Read P1-port output of smart energy meter
  • Upload the statistics to pvoutput.org
  • Monitor electricity import and export from grid and total consumption
  • Monitor gas consumption
  • Send statistics over ethernet to my Arduino ‘Domotica Gateway’.

This page describes the parts used and roughly how it works.  I have used parts of other free available code and combined it to what I wanted to have. Sourcecode is available on request, just leave a comment asking for it.
You will receive the whole package, Energy Meter, Domotica Gateway and Wireless LCD Display. Unfortunately it is not ‘monkey proof’, so you have to dig into the code and change it to suit your situation and needs.

Credits: Harold65 for his version 7 which is used as the base for my modifications.

This page will be updated with additional info. It takes some time to write it all down.

P1 – Port connection
The smart meter is connected with a RJ11 connector. You can use an old telefone cable if you like. There are 3 connections to make:

  • RTS – set this HIGH and the meter will send data every 10 seconds
  • GND – just connect it to GND on your arduino
  • RxD – Serial receive. Connect to the 7404 chip (just continu reading!)

Remember: RJ11 can have 6 pins but usually comes with 4. So count as if there were 6 pins on the connector!!!

The smart meter P1 port has inverted TTL signals. TTL means the voltage is 0 – 5 volts instead of regular serial signals which are -12v and +12v.  Also the signal is inverted so you can’t just connect it to your arduino. (you could when using softserial but I use the hardware serial port which offers better performance).
It’s not hard to invert the signals but you need an additional IC (chip) to invert the signals. Go buy a SN74HC04 chip for 20 cents and hook it up:

  • Pin 14 to +5v (=VCC)
  • Pin 7 to GND
  • Pin 1 to RxD (from smart meter)
  • Pin 2 to Arduino Receive on UART 1 (Pin 19 on Arduino)

When a 5 volt is received on Pin 1, a 0 volt is on pin 2
When a 0 volt is on pin 1, pin 2 becomes 5 volt. It just inverts the 1 to 0 and 0 to 1 😉

The Mega 2560 has 4 UART’s. UART 0 is also connected to USB for connection to the PC and serial monitoring. We pick UART 1 (serial1) which has the Receive on pin 19. The Smart meter uses a little different settings then normal. Since Arduino IDE 1.0.2 we can easily set those parameters by using:

Serial1.begin(9600,SERIAL_7E1);

In my code I use pin 4 to connect to the RTS pin in the smart meter. When Pin 4 is HIGH, the meter starts sending data every 10 seconds. I don’t do rocket science with this pin, just make it high at program start and start reading.

You receive the whole package, Energy Meter, Domotica Gateway, SensorBox and Wireless LCD Display so all versions are working together. I’ve packed all libraries as they are on my disk now. Those might not be the most recent versions, but they should work with sources.
Unfortunately the sources are not ‘monkey proof’, so you have to dig into the code and change it to suit your situation and needs.